25.5.4 Other Compiled Lists of Research, Sources, etc.
This page contains a pointers to a number of
listings for general Computer Vision Resources.
The Computer Vision Bibliography provides access to annotated
information on over 101,000 scientific
papers in the field of computer vision, image processing,
character recognition and other related topics.
totals of authors, titles, and other references.
This listing is more than
just an unordered list of papers, there are cross references
to similar papers in other parts of the bibliography, directly
related papers are included in one entry and it
is arranged by (some may say, arbitrary) topic.
The top level bibliography page
has links to browse papers by
author (including author sorted by year to reduce your effort in creating
annual reports), conference or journal reference, keywords, and a KWIC index
(Key Word In Context).
I have added the historical
Rosenfeld Bibliography data
but it is incomplete (i.e. it ends in 1998)
and is the result of an automatic translation so there are errors.
There are many groups engaged in research in this field.
These groups generally
are either in some university or are a part of a larger company, with a few
small computer vision companies.
University groups tend to
promote information (in years past some said "Paper is our most important
product," but today you should replace paper with information)
and provide links to individuals, research projects, and
online versions of papers. It is often best to look on the
research group or author's individual web site
for publicly accessible online versions of technical papers.
Companies tend to downplay who is there and give general information
about the research and more details on products, and usually do not
have technical papers (though this is not universally true).
Many companies are listed primarily as vendors of related products rather
than research groups even though many of these companies have groups that
are primarily involved with research. These are listed on the
Vendors pages noted later.
Vendors want to sell a result rather than enable you to develop a new
For some tasks, code may be available so
that you can skip the vendor and do it yourself. But for most really
interesting tasks, neither a vendor or code exists to solve your problem --
that is the point of research and development.
For some products I have a list of vendors, which sometimes overlap
the research groups list and sometimes do not.
These companies supply the results of research,
not necessarily the equipment you need to perform research (i.e. I do not
provide an extensive list for cameras and computers).
Vendors are listed throughout the bibliography, usually in the
appropriate section for the product,
but an extracted list, ordered by product, is available at
the Vision Bib Vendor Listing.
The standard location for basic code for computer vision algorithms is the
OpenCV Library from Intel. Many research groups build on top of this OpenCV code base.
The avaliability of code for specific techniques or applications
is harder to predict, but some
implementations are made available by the authors.
Try the listing extracted from the Vision Bibliography in
the Vision Bib Code Reference Listing. You may want a computer vision system by name (e.g. Acronym), for this
you can look under
the Vision Bib Computer Vision Systems Listing. A number of lists of code for sub-areas (e.g. OCR) have been created by
researchers in the past, but often these are no longer maintained.
These lists are linked in the above listing.
Test data is available in bits and pieces and in several larger repositories,
A number of references are given in
the Vision Bib Dataset Listing. Generally, to avoid confusion, in this bibliography database is used for
database systems or research and would apply to image database query techniques
rather than a database
containing images for use for specific applications.
To reduce confusion I have chosen to use dataset for
such collections of images.
For any area in computer vision and image processing, there are
patents that cover a number of large and small developments. Many
have related papers, others do not. Looking through patents you find ones
that seem to make grand claims, but do very little and others that relate
to important developments and make less broad claims. There are many other
image related patents for sensors, combinations of cameras, basic transmission
and display that are more device related than image analysis related. Most of
these are not included.
A list by title, of
over 2300 US Patents related to Computer Vision is available.
A second listing, by US Patent number, can be found under the
Patents by Patent Number listing. For a legal patent search, these should only be considered a
starting point. Start
with something that looks promising and look in one of the various
listings, each of which has
different options to search the referenced patents, the later patents that
reference this one, by topic, by name, etc.
There are, at least, 5 sources for patent information, presented
in different ways, all with full text and images.
For example for a single patent you can look at:
Each of these has various search options, links to referenced and referencing
patents, etc. Most of the patents listed in this bibliography have a link
to one of these general listings (more to the Google data than others).
Note also that (as of June 18, 2007) the Patent office has created a
peer review process for software patents.
Peer Review Patents Information. This is intended to expand the pool of people who actually look at a submission
and comment on how original it really is. In many cases, the patent is listed
along with some of the related published papers by the inventors, though many
of the patents have no related paper.
Surveys of particular topics are scattered throughout the Bibliography in
the appropriate sections. Many of the basic topics have a subsection devoted to
general or survey articles so a good starting point for surveys is the contents
page for the appropriate major topic. Also you can look through
the Vision Bib Survey Listing.The
Compendium of Computer Vision
has general overviews on many topics. Some of these are included in the
Computer Vision Conference Listing
is an important resource for finding current research presentations.
This site lists conferences, workshops, and special journal issues
with information on both
future meetings (call for papers, deadlines, location, programs,
web site, etc.)
and past meetings in the Archives pages. Recently held
meetings may have pointers to the bibliography listing of
the conference papers.
To see the global (or regional) distribution of many of the
major conferences using Google Earth
conference locations KMZ file.
The best source for basic descriptions of topics or algorithms
and the closest to an online book on Computer Vision is
The Evolving, Distributed, Non-Proprietary, On-Line
Compendium of Computer Vision.
You should use this as an introductory resource for most Computer Vision
The CMU Vision listing is totally out of date so it is not given here.
The Vision List resource
has evolved from an old mailing list format, with archives back to 1988.
It usually has announcements of various kinds, especially jobs, but often
conferences, code, books, questions, etc., are posted. A new issue appears
about once a month.
The major professional organization is the
PAMI Technical Committee of the IEEE Computer Society.
The IEEE-CS sponsors conferences and workshops (through the PAMI-TC)
the Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence.
The international umbrella organization is
the IAPR, which is an association of associations (national societies are
members, not individuals). Many countries have their own association that
primarily runs the national meeting.
Vision Bib Professional Society Listing (a recently corrected link)
shows some of the more active
such associations. There are also conference specific organizations that
exist only to schedule and manage a specific conference through the years.
Many of these meetings and those of the national and international
organizations are given in the
Vision Conference Listing.
Additionally there are a number of organizations (both national
and international) in related fields such as optics, artificial intelligence,
signal and image processing, remote sensing, photogrammetry,
medical imaging, etc. that are relevant for some aspects of computer vision
There are topic specific compilations of varying quality found
under the survey heading (see the pointer given above).
The CMU based Computer Vision pages, which have links from a lot of places,
have not been maintained for a number of years, so everything there is best
considered history. Therefore, I do not include a link to them here.
Last update:Nov 23, 2020 at 10:27:11